Indian’s justice system is represented by Lady Justice, a well-known figure. She boldly displays weights, which symbolize the weighing of proof on its own merits. A serpent represents evil at her feet, and a book represents the Constitution, which is the foundation of our legal code. She even wields a shield as a symbol of wrath.
Since penalty may only occur when the proof is measured, the blade is often smaller than the scales. The blindfold comes next. Lady Justice wears her blindfold all of the time (or at least she is expected to).
Our justice system is blind to a person’s status, authority, ethnicity, or race, as represented by the blindfold. Lady Justice is a metaphor for the judicial system that law students read about. Commitment, courage, a determination to defend the rules, and a desire to become an authority on the legal system are required to begin a career in law.
Law degrees instruct students about global legal affairs and relationships. Human rights, international trade, relations between legal systems, and other subjects are covered in international law courses provided by law schools all over the world.
In India, the possibilities for a legal profession are endless.
Law graduates these days don’t just dress up in black and white and go to court; they still make an impression in places like corporations, law firms, law departments, and administrative facilities.
In India, the law is a popular career choice among students.
The fact that famous people like Mahatma Gandhi, Nelson Mandela, and former US President Barack Obama were lawyers demonstrates the popularity of this stream.
In India, the potential for a career in law is enormous.
Law graduates these days don’t just dress in black and white and go to court; they still make an impression in executive offices, law firms, law departments, administrative centers, and other places.
The study of law would give you the ability to deal with difficult situations, understand human reasoning, and analyze real-life cases, as well as analytical consistency and a strong command of oral and written communication.
Your personality will play a prominent role in your success in this area.
Law is now one of the most diverse and rapidly expanding disciplines.
Studying law at university, especially at one of the prestigious National Law Universities, will provide you with all of the knowledge and skills you’ll need to become a world-class lawyer and will enable you to make a significant difference in the lives of many people.
The value and professional viability of law as a career option can be appreciated by looking at how it affects every aspect of our lives.
It’s crucial to understand the effect of the law on people’s lives and how it will help them avoid financial ruin.
Here are a few compelling reasons for pursuing a career in law:
1. Social objectives
It would be simple for you to link legal philosophy to the real world.
Students are trained in the practical implementation of textbook knowledge through moot tournaments and the administration of pro bono societies. It will give you a true sense of the job.
2. Job opportunities
Studying law offers a rare job opportunity in that it broadens educational options.
You will take the judicial service tests in addition to the Indian Administrative Service Exams, something that those who have not studied law academically would not be eligible to do.
As a result, contrary to common opinion, the legislation would create rather than restrict resources.
3. Effective communication
Your journey to your dream law school will certainly provide you with the abilities to do rigorous research, read extensively, synthesize complex ideas, and write and speak persuasively.
This skill set will help you define your career paths, whether or not they are related to law.
4. Lawyers are a social need
The importance of law as a career is not limited to lawsuits or courtroom battles. Lawyers are required by both governmental and non-governmental organizations as legal counsel.
Banks, corporate offices, businessmen, retailers, musicians, athletes, and you, among others, all need the services of a lawyer at some stage.
5. Different areas of expertise
Several new areas of litigation have emerged, such as space law, maritime law, election law, intellectual property law, among others, which, unlike standard fields of litigation, do not necessitate lengthy paperwork or clear representation in the courts.
6. High-paying Jobs
Corporate houses employ attorneys on their legal firms and are willing to pay top dollar for the best.
Lawyers are hired by law firms as soon as they graduate from law school. These companies manage litigation representing a variety of people and businesses.
Working with a corporation or a reputable law firm is one of the most financially rewarding options available to a lawyer.
Unlike many other careers, the law allows you to work for yourself.
The Bar Council of India conducts the bar exam, which requires a law school graduate to qualify.
The lawyer is then granted a bar license, which allows him to practice law independently in a court of law.
8. Prestige and Respect
Many law degree holders have achieved distinction in a variety of fields, including the judiciary and the legal profession, and are now leading the world.
Although justifying one’s career is difficult, and who stick to justice and do their jobs with utmost diligence deserve special recognition.
India is a South Asian country with a population of nearly a billion and a half people, making it the world’s second-most populous country after China.
The Indian Ocean, the Arabian Sea, and the Bay of Bengal from India’s maritime boundaries, while its land borders are shared with China, Pakistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Burma.
The Republic of India has the world’s 11th largest economy and is one of the world’s fastest developing economies in terms of GDP and goods exports.
India’s federal government is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judiciary, with the President of India serving as the country’s head of state.
The President is chosen by an electoral college structure and serves a five-year term.
The President appoints the Prime Minister, who is called the head of government and has the most executive authority.
Because of the strong influence of former British colonization, the Indian legislative branch follows a Westminster-parliamentary form of governance.
India is governed by a legislative structure, with seven union territories and 29 states.
The Legal System in India
Since India is such a diverse and multi-cultural society, their English-model common law system is supplemented by personal law codes that extend to Hindus, Muslims, and Christians.
The Supreme Court, which consists of 30 associate justices and one chief justice, hears appeals that have been left pending by lower courts.
Since lawyers are seen as upholders of the constitution and defenders of a venerable but modernized legal system, the legal profession is regarded as a “noble” profession in India.
Legal, criminal, tax, statutory, real estate, foreign, patent/copyright, labor, and family law are the broad categories in which Indian law is listed.
Why study law in India?
Here are few reasons why you should study law in India
Market Watch Discussions are underway to broaden the field of legal practice in India and open the door to law firms from outside the country. As international law firms begin operations in India, law graduates may expect better work prospects.
LPOs have begun to hire young law graduates for procedures including US or UK legislation.
Legal education has been liberalized, and as a result, practitioners from other fields are now involved in taking short-term classes in law, which would potentially continue to increase the level of legal literacy.
Legal education in India is comparable to that in the United Kingdom. Although many colleges in the UK provide legal education to Indian students, Indian students choose to work in the UK because they earn competitive pay packages.
A new trend has been for Indian students to enroll at law schools in the United States and then land lucrative positions upon completion of the program.
Harvard Law School, Yale University, Australia National University, and other prestigious institutions are now available to Indian law students.
Scope of Law in India
Any of you will believe that after earning a law degree, the next step is to practice in courts.
However, this is not the case.
In addition to being an attorney, there are several other positions in law that you can pursue, such as:
A lawyer may offer in-house legal counsel to corporate clients on company issues. A corporate lawyer’s primary responsibility is to prepare and negotiate arrangements, resolve legal issues, and ensuring that it is done by the company’s and the government’s laws and regulations.
Law Firms are well-organized firms made up of many attorneys or advocates who operate as a single organization.
These companies provide legal counsel to their customers and advise them on all options for avoiding any penalties that could be imposed.
A litigating lawyer, also known as an advocate, is a lawyer who defends a defendant in arbitration. To practice law in a courtroom, you must first register with the state bar council and pass the All India Bar Examination.
Many law graduates work with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to promote social issues such as environmental justice, racial equality, caste inequality, and laborer working conditions, among others.
You may also collaborate with foreign bodies such as the United Nations or international tribunals such as the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court, and the International Labor Organization, among others.
Legal Publishing and Media
Many well-known lawyers often serve as editors for print media such as newspapers and magazines, as well as electronic media such as television outlets, where they put their writing talents to use and pass on their legal experience to the general public.
The practice of legal journalism entails informing the media about court cases.
Indian Legal Services
Law graduates who pass the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) or State Public Service Commission (SPSC) examination may work in the Indian government’s Department of Legal Affairs, Legislative Council, Legislative Department, or Department of Justice.
After having some experience as a lawyer or in another area of law, you can lecture at law schools and pursue a career in education, as you would have both practical and theoretical knowledge of the subject.
The below are some of the most famous specializations chosen by lawyers:
It’s also known as common law because it’s something that everybody has the right to.
It deals with individual issues such as copyright violations, contract breaches, land disputes, and family law.
Criminal Law is concerned with cases that include criminal offenses.
To represent a defendant, a Criminal Lawyer must do an extensive investigation into the case’s history and consult with clients, police officers, and witnesses to gather actual information and testimony.
This area studies a country’s multiple tax policies, with an emphasis on different forms of taxation such as income tax, real tax, estate tax, franchises, inheritance issues, and so on.
Intellectual Property Law
An IPR Lawyer advises clients on how to preserve intellectual property such as creations, literary and artistic works, symbols, titles, pictures, and company designs, among other things.
Corporate law is the review of the actions and regulations that govern a corporation. Corporate attorneys counsel businesses about their legal responsibilities, liabilities, and benefits, as well as work with topics such as employment law, contract conflicts, and the security of the company’s intellectual property rights, among other things.
This area focuses on policies that aim to protect the environment by controlling the effect of human activity on the environment, such as soil, air, and water pollution, biodiversity protection, and so on.
List of Top Law Colleges in India
1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore
2. National Law University, Delhi
3. Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
4. Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
5. National Law University (NLU), Jodhpur
6. Symbiosis Law School, Pune
7. Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI), Delhi
8. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
10. National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
11. Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology, Bhubaneswar
12. Indian Law Institute, Delhi
13. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow
14. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar College of Law, Visakhapatnam
15. Faculty of Law, University of Delhi, Delhi
16. Faculty of Law, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
17. Bharati Vidyapeeth New Law College, Delhi
18. ILS Law College, Pune
19. Army Institute of Law (AIL), Mohali
20. Amity Law School, Noida
21. University School of Law, Bangalore University, Bangalore
22. M.S. Ramaiah College of Law, Bangalore
23. Nirma University, Ahmedabad
24. Bangalore Institute of Legal Studies, Bangalore
Study Law in India
Law Degree in India
The Bar Council of India governs law degree qualifications, allowing students to enroll in one of two types of graduate programs: three years of study after graduation from an undergraduate law program or five years of integrated course study culminating in a degree “with distinction” and a coveted law degree.
The Bar Council of India establishes the standards for accepting law schools and colleges that are eligible to confer legal degrees.
Graduates of recognized higher learning institutions’ legal programs are qualified to register as Bar Council advocates, while law graduates who are already enrolled with the BC are permitted to practice in every Indian court of law.
Private law colleges are far more costly than public ones.
To obtain practice in their field of study, graduate law students also work part-time in law firms.
Students who choose to serve as a lawyer for the Indian government will apply to the Indian Legal Services by taking a Union Public Service Commission test.
Law officers, deputy legal advisors, assistant advisors, and legal advisors are among the positions available in the government sector.
Demand for Lawyers
Lawyers specialized in investment and wealth law are in high demand in India right now, owing to the country’s rising economy and gradual transition from a developing country to global power.
Indian law firms also visit law schools to look for outstanding talent, asking to talk with the brightest students about potential job opportunities with their company.