Renewable energy these days comes from a source that will not deplete. Two main examples of this type of energy are solar energy and wind energy. Moreover, geothermal energy, biomass, hydropower, and tidal energy are additional forms of renewable energy that will produce power for our planet right now.
The Primary Benefit of Renewable Energy
One of the primary benefits is that very few harmful emissions are released into the atmosphere. No doubt that fossil fuels are used to create products that allow for this kind of power to be generated. It has been observed that most of the renewable energy can become carbon neutral in about five years.
The Disadvantage of Renewable Energy
The main disadvantage of renewable energy is that it is a bit costly. Wind power and solar power have become cost-competitive as compared to coal-fired power and nuclear power in some rich communities. Some forms of renewable energy are not cost-competitive generally as compared with the cost kilowatt per hour.
In about 2019, the lifetime cost of conventional coal per kilowatt-hour was 9.5 cents, and that cost of offshore wind was 15.8 cents.
Pros of Renewable Energy
Let’s have a look at some important pros of renewable energy.
Clean and Safe to Use
Even clean-burning natural gas is at a serious disadvantage to what renewable energy sources can provide. Almost every day enough sunlight comes down on our planet, and if we can harvest it with solar panels and other forms of collection, then we could power it for the whole year.
You know that wind is created by the warmth of the sun; it is also virtually limitless. Fossil fuels a finite resource because of how we created them.
Various Forms of Renewable Energy exist
We have seen that diversification within renewable energy has exploded since the 1970s. The dams that provide hydropower to solar strips are now enough to control the weight of a vehicle. We have different methods of creating power through the collection of renewable energy. There is also greater diversity in this sector in comparison with other modes of renewable energy.
Foundation for Energy Independence
Many nations rely on fossil fuels for their society to function under modern culture. These fuels come from a handful of countries that work to control the availability and prices. If we develop more resources for renewable energy, then we can work towards independence with a diversified portfolio of life to access.
Moreover, these energy resources need time to develop. One thing that should be kept in mind is that current fossil fuel infrastructure has more than a century of development behind it.
Creating Renewable Energy is Stable
When renewable are producing energy, the power generated is stable and usable, just like other forms of energy. It is a dependable resource, especially when infrastructure is available to support this. Jobs are created in this energy sector as well as creating stability within local economic sectors is difficult. No doubt that power generated can be distributed through existing grids which can limit installation costs for some of the communities around us.
Technology Instead of Fuel
Coal must be refined and mined to make it good for usage. On the other hand, it is strongly recommended to release and transport natural gas. So fossil fuel is created from natural resources, whereas renewable energy sources are created by the existence of technology.
Because of these reasons, the prices of renewable energy will go down as we continue to make improvements in technology. Fossil fuels can see price reduction through mining and refining efficiency improvements, but there will always be the maintaining labour cost which will affect pricing and availability.
Cons of Renewable Energy
Now it’s time to discuss some of the most cited cons of renewable energy, and here are some.
Nor Every Form is Commercially Viable
It is strongly recommended that many forms of renewable energy must be collected at specific locations. It means that we need to set up distribution networks to take advantage of the power generated. Such structures also require massive fuel investment that can take generations to neutralize with the use of renewable energy.
On the other hand, from tidal power to geothermal, the commercial viability of many renewable resources is not available nowadays.
Many Forms are Location-Specific
Solar energy has limited potential in some of our locations. Northern cities may encounter prolonged periods without any sunlight during the winter months. Because renewable energy is location-specific, and sometimes it might not be available for usage in some locations.
Require Storage Capabilities
With traditional power resources, home or business is connected to a local distribution grid so that we can access them all the time. When you are using renewable energy resources, then the backup and support related to storage must be included with the opportunity of power generation.
It is said that wind speeds are not always consistent and the sunlight is also not available at night. Moreover, you can also say that storage capability that can push the cost of a renewable energy system beyond what the average person or community can afford.
Chances of Pollution
Renewable sources of energy are clearer than other fossil fuels, but cleaner and clean refers to different meanings. Natural resources like biomass still burn waste products and put pollution into the atmosphere. These include carbon and methane, which are regarded as greenhouse gases. Technologies and facilities that build resources of renewable energy require fossil fuels as the same goes for transportation and distribution networks.
In many cases, fossil fuels don’t rely on renewable, while renewable energy depends on fossil fuels.
This comprehensive guide related to the pros and cons of renewable energy shows us that this new technology has great potential with it. A strong need is to realize the potential with which it comes and also needs to consider certain limitations that come with renewable. With more investments into renewable energy prices can be lowered. In this way, more jobs can be created, and transition towards the consumption of fossil fuels can occur.