Parents who have enough savings for their children’s educational careers can provide quality education in a reputed institution. However, those who have fewer savings and want extra funds to fill the gap of the money required for their children often opt for taking parents loans for college students. In this write-up, we will highlight some of the essential choices for parents towards taking loans. You can go through this article and feel free to contact for any related queries.
Before moving ahead with a list of parent loans for college students, let us get into brief information of other terms and concepts associated with educational loans for parents.
What is a Parent Loan?
A parent loan is a money borrowed by a student’s parent or guardian to assist with school expenses. The debt is wholly in the parent or guardian’s name, and they are solely responsible for its repayment. Like other student loans, a parent loan is used to pay for college-related expenses like tuition, supplies, housing, and board.
Types of Parent-Student Loans
PLUS (Federal Direct Parenting) Loan
The PLUS Loan is the only government loan designed specifically for parents. They have a guaranteed return and a standard ten-year repayment period. Parents can take loans up with the cost of tuition, less any other financial assistance the student receives. The money goes straight to the institution.
According to the Department of Education, a parent qualified for a Parent PLUS college loan has to be a dependent undergraduate’s genetic or adoptive parents. Relatives and parents or guardians are not eligible for parental loans unless the student has been legally adopted.
There are significant variations between parent PLUS loans and other federal student loans, even though they share many of the same features.
Payments on federal parent PLUS loans are due as soon as funds are given to the school, and there is no automatic grace period. They are also ineligible for the well-known income-based repayment plan (IBR).
Unlike other federal student loans, parents who apply for a PLUS loan must check their credit.
How to Apply
The process for applying for a parent’s college loan varies depending on the loan type. For example, parent PLUS loans are government debt, and the application process is a little easier. On the other hand, private parental loans have a more comprehensive range of options, so you’ll have to do some study before applying.
To apply for any federal student loan, you must first fill out the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) (FAFSA). Every year, your child should fill out the FAFSA, which gives them access to federal financial aid and any other aid offered by their school or other organizations. If your kid is a dependent, you’ll need to fill out this form every year.
After that, you can use the online application to apply for a parent PLUS loan, which takes about 20 minutes to complete. First, you’ll enter basic details about yourself, your employment, and your child’s school. Then, if you’re approved, you’ll sign the necessary papers, and the funds will be sent to your child’s school immediately. If there are any monies left over, the remainder will be given to you (or your child, if you choose).
Credit Score Required for Plus Loan
There is no minimum credit rating to qualify for a Parent PLUS Loan. Still, a credits check is expected to check for any negative credit file, including bankruptcy, seizure, or foreclosures. For more information, go to the Federal Student Aid site.
Private Student Loans for Parents
A private parent mortgage is given to a qualifying parent or legal guardian of an undergrad undergraduate by a non-government institution such as a local bank to help pay for education costs.
Every lending institution has its own set of terms, eligibility, application, and bond yields, which might be fixed or variable. These are usually decided by variables such as credit records and an assessment of income.
Private Loan Repayment Options
While your child is enrolled in school, lenders will offer a variety of repayment choices. Some will demand that payments start right away. On the other hand, others are more flexible with their payment options in school.
Today, it’s not uncommon to discover private lenders who provide interest-only payments, fixed $25 payments, or even full deferment until your child graduates a few months later. However, even if you’re able to postpone payments while your child pursues their degree, interest will continue to collect on your principal balance each month.
In addition to the conventional 10-year term, several banks offer shorter or longer payback durations. Extending your payment plan may undoubtedly lower your monthly payment, but it will almost always result in more outstanding interest payments overall.
PLUS debts are canceled if your child dies, which no parent likes to consider. Although this isn’t common for private loans, many do include it as a “feature.”
Parent Loans for College Students
Federal Parent PLUS Loan
Borrowers can get the maximum benefits from the federal parent PLUS loan. Multiple repayment programs are available to parents, including the income-contingent repayment plan, which can reduce the amount you pay (you must consolidate your loan to qualify for). Payments are limited to 20% of discretionary income under income-contingent repayment, with the remaining balance erased after 25 years.
PLUS loans aren’t without flaws. For example, for loans disbursed between Oct. 1, 2020, and Oct. 1, 2022 (4.236 percent for loans disbursed before Oct. 1, 2020), they charge a 4.228 percent origination fee, which is deducted from the loan amount granted to you.
In some cases, forbearance is possible for up to three years. In addition, enrolling in the income-contingent repayment program can lead to lower payments and, after 25 years, debt forgiveness.
The parent loan from Citizens Bank has a low-interest rate, and borrowers with an existing account with the bank may be eligible for a 0.50 percent interest rate rebate. (Student loans are available in all states, although only Connecticut, Delaware, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Vermont offer checking and savings accounts.)
Citizens Bank also offers a relatively unique loan modification program launched in spring 2020 and allows for lower monthly payments for 12 months. This is in addition to the regular 12-month forbearance period. Both the parent and the student must be citizens of the United States. At least half-time attendance is required.
Rhode Island Student Loan Authority
The Rhode Island Student Loan Authority, or RISLA, is a non-profit organization established in Rhode Island that provides loans to customers throughout the country. It is the only private lender on our list that guarantees a fixed interest rate lower than the federal PLUS loan to all applicants who qualify.
In addition, RISLA is unusual in that it offers an income-based payback program that limits payments to 15% of income for 25 years if borrowers cannot pay their loan obligations. It does not charge origination costs. We docked RISLA points since it only has one loan term—ten years—and parents are not eligible for a six-month post-school grace period.
SoFi’s parent loan includes standard features like no origination costs and different repayment options, as well as more unusual features like an Unemployment Protection Program that provides up to 12 months of payment relief if you lose your job for no reason. It also gives parent debtors a six-month grace time after their child graduates before they have to start paying payments. However, when compared to other lenders, SoFi’s maximum interest rates are now on the higher end.
College Ave offers 11 payback durations ranging from five to fifteen years, allowing parents to select a loan term that best suits their needs. Another unique benefit for parents is the ability to receive up to $2,500 in loan funds directly from the company rather than having them transferred to the school, allowing them to participate in their children’s spending selections.
College Ave’s interest rate maximums are on the higher side, and parents have until 25 to 60 days after the student graduates or leaves school to repay the loan. In addition, the parent borrower must be a United States citizen. Still, the student attending school can be an international student as long as they have a valid Social Security number in the United States.
Benefits and Drawbacks of Parent Loans
Parents want to see their children succeed in school, and many are willing to assist by paying a portion or all of their child’s college expenses.
A parent loan can help students focus on education, kickstart a career, and prepare them for their next significant investment, such as a car or home, by lowering their post-graduation debt.
Parents are fully responsible for repaying the parent loan, but they can ask their children to help without being held to the same standards as if the loan had been taken out in the student’s name. This allows kids to gain experience paying bills and borrowing without taking risks.
Another advantage is that all student loans, including parent loans, include tax-deductible interest. Interest paid on a student loan may qualify you for a tax credit, including a PLUS loan. You can currently deduct up to $2,500 or the total student loan interest paid, whichever is less. Your income determines the amount of the deduction you are qualified for.
When you take out a student loan, you usually have six months to start repaying it after you graduate. Parents are expected to begin making payments on a PLUS loan within 60 days of the loan being disbursed. If your student is still enrolled at least half-time or six months after graduation, you can request a deferment period.
Borrowers may be allowed to deduct a portion or all of the interest paid on their parent’s student loans. Unlike other types of student loans, a PLUS loan has no restriction on how much a parent can borrow as long as it doesn’t surpass the cost of your child’s education. While this may appear to be a benefit, it can work against you if you take on more debt than you can afford.
The financial commitment that the parent takes is one of the significant hazards of a parent loan. Making on-time payments can improve your credit score, but skipping or late payments might also decrease it.
You risk defaulting on your PLUS loan if you fall behind on your payments. When you default, you expose yourself to a slew of adverse outcomes. Your lender may require you to pay the sum in full. If you don’t, they may decide to sue you and have your income garnished or your tax refunds seized. In addition, you’ll be accountable for court costs, attorney fees, and collection costs.
Eligibility Requirements for Parents Loan
Finally, think about your creditworthiness. To qualify for private student loans for parents, you’ll need an excellent credit score that reflects a stable credit history and a low debt-to-income ratio. If you don’t think you’ll qualify on your own, you may need a cosigner.
The parent PLUS loan follows a similar rule. While good credit isn’t required, anyone with bad credit will be denied unless they include an endorsement on their application.
So these are some of the options for parent loans for college students. You can choose any of these options and kindly go through the additional details and the article to know more about loans.