If you’re planning to visit this magnificent country for a vacation, a visit with a friend, or a business conference, whatever your reason for visiting the United States, bear in mind that you will need to get a US visa to enter the nation.
What is a US visa?
A foreign citizen seeking to visit the United States must often get a US visa, which places the traveler’s passport as a travel document provided by the traveler’s country of citizenship.
Types of US visa
Every year, millions of individuals enter the United States on various forms of US visas.
There are two sorts of visas in the United States:
Non-immigrant visas –
Non-immigrant visas are travel permits that allow foreigners to enter the United States for a limited time.
An immigrant visa is a legal categorization that allows the visa holder to live in the United States permanently.
The variety of non-immigrant or immigrant visas that applicants should apply for depends on their history and the reason for their visit to the United States.
How to apply?
To apply for a US visa, you will need to follow a simple application method and stages.
Following these easy procedures, you should apply for a US visa at a US Consulate or Embassy in your place of residence:
- Check to see whether you require a visa.
- Select the type of US visa
- Fill out the DS-160 Nonimmigrant Visa Application Form.
- Pay processing fees
- Plan a visa interview.
- Finish compiling the document file.
- Participate in the visa interview.
- Allow time for processing.
1. Check to see whether you require a visa.
To visit the United States, citizens of 39 visa waiver countries do not need to apply for a non-immigrant visa.
The 39 visa-free countries are as follows:
- South Korea
- New Zealand
- San Marino
- United Kingdom
2. Select the type of US visa
The second step in the US visa application process is to decide the sort of US visa you desire. Because there are variances based on the type of US visa you want, you should pay special attention to selecting the appropriate visa form.
If you intend to visit the United States for a short time, you may usually obtain a non-immigrant visa.
The following are the most prevalent non-immigrant visas:
It is a temporary visa that you can obtain to attend a conference, speak with business colleagues, negotiate a contract, or settle an estate. This visa is not ideal for someone who wishes to relocate to the United States to work for a US firm.
If you wish to come to the United States on vacation to sightsee or visit friends and family, you can obtain a tourist visa.
A tourist visa can also obtain if you travel for medical treatment or participate in amateur.
If you wish to live permanently in the United States, you must get an immigration visa. In most cases, you will need to be sponsored by a family member or an employer to live in the United States.
This family member or employer will file a petition to begin the immigration paperwork procedure. The final step in the immigration procedure is obtaining an immigrant visa.
Once your family member or employer’s petition has been authorized, you must go to your nearest US Embassy or Consulate.
You will apply in person for an immigrant visa.
3. Fill out the DS-160 Non-immigrant Visa Application Form.
If you seek a non-immigrant visa to the United States, you must complete Form DS-160, Online Nonimmigrant Visa Application.
The form is available online at the website of the US consulate where you are applying.
You may complete the DS-160 form online at:
- Via the Consular Electronic Application Center on your own
- or with the support of a third-party organization
How to fill out the DS-160 Nonimmigrant Visa Application Form?
There are two parts to the DS-160 application form.
The first section requires you to answer questions regarding your personal information, such as:
- Full name
- Marital Status
- Date and Place of Birth
- Mobile number
- Passport number
- Passport book number
- Family information
- Work, etc.
The second section of the online application form includes security and background questions such as:
- if you’ve ever been arrested or convicted of an infraction or crime
- If you have ever conspired to violate restricted drug legislation.
- If you have ever been involved in money laundering, please tell us about it.
- If you ever commanded, incited, committed, supported, or otherwise engaged in genocide,
4. Pay processing fees
Paying the US visa application fees is the next step in the process.
The Machine Readable Visa Fee for visa applicants varies according to the kind of visa requested.
The following are the schedule tiers:
- $160 for MRV Fees
- $190 for applicants Who Filed a Petition (H, L, O, P, Q, R) –
- $205 for E-1, E-2 & E-3 visa applicants
Please note that the visa cost is non-refundable if you cancel your appointment or if your visa application denies.
You may be required to pay US visa-issuing fees in addition to application costs.
The charge for issuing a visa decide by the US’s connection with your native country.
It implies that some candidates will be required to pay while others will not.
Their value differs by country. To proceed with your application, you must pay all applicable fees and save all receipts as proof.
5. Plan a visa interview.
All US non-immigrant visa applicants between the ages of 14 and 79 must attend a US visa interview.
To organize this obligatory interview, you must make an appointment with the US consulate or embassy from wherever you are applying.
Because they may have a heavy workload and the waiting period might range from days to weeks, you must book your interview as soon as feasible.
You should schedule your interview as soon as you complete your Form DS-160.
You will then receive an interview confirmation letter, which you must bring with you on the day of the interview.
6. Finish compiling the document file.
In addition to your application form or Form DS-160, you must additionally provide papers proving to the US consulate that you fit the requirements for the non-immigrant visa for which you are requesting.
The following documents are necessary for a US visa:
A completed online non-immigrant DS-160 application form
A valid passport-
It should be valid for at least six months beyond the duration of your intended stay in the United States.
Some nations are free from these requirements and need a valid passport for the duration of their stay in the United States.
To be able to attach a visa, your passport must contain at least one blank page.
The prerequisite for a US visa photo is one of the essential criteria for every visa you apply for.
Upload the photo when filling out the DS-160 form online.
If the upload fails, you can still submit the photo on the day of the appointment.
However, even if you post the photo online, we recommend that you bring it with you to the interview in case you need it.
Receipt verifying payment for a non-immigrant US visa application.
Unlike in Europe, where you pay the price on the appointment day, you must pay the cost to book an interview for a US visa.
Social media details.
A summary of the social media platforms you use and the name of your account on each, including your phone number, email address, and social media history over the preceding five years.
A document that is not write in English or the nation’s official language where the interview is taking place must translate.
A qualified translator must certify translations.
US Visa Photo Requirements
Your photographs for your US visa must be:
- The size of the US visa photo should be two by 2 inches (51 x 51 mm).
- The shot should position such that the head is between 1-1. 3/8 inches (22 mm and 35 mm) tall or between 50 – 69 % of the entire height of the image from the bottom of your chin to the top of your head.
- They observe within the previous six months.
- Without any shadows.
- With a simple white backdrop.
- In the photograph, you must look at the camera.
- Maintain a neutral expression.
- Keep both of your eyes open.
- You are not permitted to wear a uniform.
- However, the clothing that they generally wear daily.
- Religious apparel worn daily is permitted.
- Unless a religious hat is worn, the head must not cover, and the hairline must be visible.
- The headgear must not obscure the view of the wearer’s face.
- Without any electrical gadgets that have worn.
- Unless you require a hearing aid or anything like that.
- Except for medical reasons, you must not wear eyeglasses.
- If, for example, the individual has just had eye surgery, a doctor’s declaration must produce to legitimize them.
- If eyeglasses must use, the frames must not conceal the eyes, and the glasses must cast no glare or shadows on the face.
7. Participate in the visa interview.
The US visa interview is the final step in the US visa application process.
You must be on time for the interview and provide all necessary documentation.
The official who will interview you will inquire about your background and other pertinent information about the filled visa.
If you are traveling to the United States to work, the interview may be longer than if you are only visiting for tourism purposes.
8. Allow time for processing.
You must wait for your application to complete after the visa interview.
Processing dates vary depending on the kind of US visa requested; however, they might range from a few days to many months.
You will find out if your visa was accepted or rejected once it has been processed.
You should only make trip plans once your visa has been accepted, rather than risk incurring money if it rejects.
US Visa Refusal
Your US visa may deny if any of the following conditions met:
- The Visa application is incomplete
- There are no supporting papers
- You do not meet the qualifying requirements for the Visa category.
- You have a criminal history.
- insufficient funds to sponsor your travel to the United States
- Your goal to return is unclear.
- There aren’t enough vacant pages in your passport
- If your home country has a bad connection with your target country
- If you have not previously utilized a Visa granted to you
- If you are not visiting the nation for a genuine cause
- If you do not provide sufficient proof of your eligibility, you will deny it.
Citizenship with a US Visa
Obtaining US citizenship is a time-consuming procedure.
It is pretty hard to hold a non-immigrant visa in the United States since you cannot apply for citizenship immediately.
You must first obtain an immigrant visa to the United States.
Some non-immigrant visas in the United States are dual-purpose, which means that you can alter your status and apply for an immigrant visa if you meet the conditions.
If you have an immigrant visa, you must keep it for five years before you may petition for citizenship in the United States.