Fossil fuels are used throughout the world to power everything from cars to lightning up houses. Moreover, there is a lot of debate over the use of fossil fuels. Is it safe to use fossil fuels for use at homes?
But nowadays we are finding successful alternatives to fossil fuels such as solar, wind, and hydropower. The most common fossil fuels that are being used for millions of years include coal, natural gas, and petroleum.
Common Fossil Fuels:
Coal: It is a carbon-based black rock burned to get energy.
Petroleum: This fossil fuel occurs in the form of liquid and can be refined into several types of fuel, such as diesel and aeroplane fuel. It is being used for thousands of years as a continuous source of energy.
Natural gas: It is a combination of different gases such as methane, nitrogen, and carbon dioxide and used in cooking.
Once you have used all the existing fossil fuels on this planet, then we find alternative ways of heating and lighting homes as well as travelling all around the globe. There are several pros to using fossil fuels as several different cons.
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Pros of Fossil Fuels:
Let’s dive into the fossil fuels pros to find out is it beneficial:
Easy to Set Up:
Unlike other renewable sources of energy which are infinite but dependent on Sun, wind, and water, fossil fuels are widely available. Thus a fossil fuel plant can be set up easily anywhere in the world as long as it gets massive amounts of fuel to generate power.
So these fossil fuel plants are capable of generating a massive amount of energy at a specific location.
Generate Thousands of Jobs Opportunities:
Fossil fuels create thousands of job opportunities every year. To revoke the use of fossil fuels would lead a lot of people to lose their jobs every year which would impact the economy all over the world.
Efficient in Working:
Fossil fuels are efficient in working. This means that they can generate a huge amount of energy even if we use a small amount of energy such as oil and coal etc.
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We have found that the most efficient fuel for cars is petroleum without a doubt. Therefore, no renewable energies come to generate the same amount of energy than fossil fuels do.
Easy to Transport:
Transporting renewable sources of energy such as Sun, wind, and water is impossible. While on the other hand, transporting fossil fuels is relatively easy. It can be made very safe and easy but the creating of pipes.
However, these pipes are easily laid underground and can easily transport oil or gas. It can be relatively expensive to lie off in the first place. Once completed, they serve as a safe and effective method of transportation for essential fuels.
Present in Plenty:
We have relied on fossil fuels for many years and have everything to gather, collect, and use these essential resources. We already have plenty of coal and natural gas from all the places in the world that are rich in fossil fuels using all the designed equipment made for the extraction of fossil fuels.
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It is one of the main reasons to use fossil fuels as we have already invested a lot of time, money, and effort into procuring them.
Quick to Find:
Fossil fuels are speedy to find out. They occur all over the world, especially in rich veins beneath the earth. Once we have committed to getting oil or natural gas on the ground or out from the sea, now we are sure to get a lot of resources from the area.
The main reason is that they occur all over the world, which means that all countries and nations should have access to at least fossil fuels.
Cons of Fossil Fuels:
Now have a look at some disadvantages of fossil fuels here:
Increase in Cost:
Few Middle East countries in the world hold an excess supply of fossil fuels and therefore are responsible for about 40 per cent of the world’s total oil production.
The rest of the world depends on these Middle East countries to fill the gap between demand and supply in their own countries. Lowe output and fear of war result in fluctuations in fossil fuel prices all over the globe.
Issues Related to Public Health:
Fossil fuels are not entirely ecofriendly. The burning of fossil fuels results in pollution and also causes serious environmental concerns. The diseases associated with pollution kills millions of people every year.
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Furthermore, high levels of air pollution adversely affected our lungs and gave birth to asthma. So, people who live in areas with a large amount of traffic are at significant risk.
Leads to Global Warming:
One of the biggest causes of fossil fuels is the pollution they cause. Scientists throughout the world well document the problems through which we have to go through. As we know that carbon dioxide is released into the air when we burnt fossil fuels.
This means that the burning of fossil fuels is directly linked to global warming and fossil fuels are dangerous for the health of human beings on the planet.
Finite Source of Energy:
Fossil fuels are limited sources of energy, unlike sunlight, wind, or water energy; it is not possible to renew them. The amount of fossil fuels available on earth crust is all we are going to get shorter. This means that reserves of coal, petroleum, and natural gas all are used, and nothing is left now.
Unfortunately, we will not be able to run our cars efficiently as we do on petroleum.
Fossil fuels can also damage the environment in the form of oil spills. Huge tankers carrying oil from one area to another are at huge risk can sometimes crash or spill the content into the sea.
This is not only harmful to the sea but also for the animals that live in water. Oil spills do not usually occur, but when they kill thousands of animals.
There are many pros and cons of fossil fuels but burning them for producing energy is so damaging to the environment. Thus, first measures need to be taken to find out alternative sources of energy such as wind, water, or sunlight.