In dentistry, a veneer is a layer of material placed over a tooth. Veneers can improve the aesthetics of a smile and protect the tooth’s surface from damage.
Dental veneers are wafer-thin custom made shells of tooth-coloured material designed to cover the front surface of teeth to improve your appearance. These shells are bonded to the front of teeth changing their color, shape, size and length.
Types of Dental Veneers
Dental veneers may be manufactured from porcelain or composite materials made of resin. The veneers of porcelain withstand stains better than veneers of resin. They emulate the light-reflecting properties of natural teeth better, too. With your dentist, you will need to explore the right option of veneer material for you.
What Types of Problems Do Dental Veneers Fix?
- Teeth that are discolored because of:
- Root canal treatment
- Stains from tetracycline or other drugs
- Excessive Fluoride
- Large Resin Fillings
- Other causes
- Teeth that are worn down.
- Teeth that are chipped or broken.
- Teeth that are misaligned, uneven or irregularly shaped Teeth with a gap between them.
Dental Veneer Procedure
Getting a dental Veneers usually require three trips to the dentist. One for the consultation and two to make and apply dental veneers. One tooth or many teeth can undergo the veneering process at the same time.
Diagnosis and Treatment Planning
You are going to tell your dentist the outcome you are trying to achieve. Your dentist will inspect your teeth during this visit to ensure that dental veneers are correct for you and address the treatment and any of its drawbacks. An X-ray may be taken, or impressions of the mouth and teeth may be made.
The rationale of veneer preparation and having ceramic veneers cemented to Enamel in order for the most predicable bonding is well documented. It is also seen that still that a lot of practitioners worldwide prepare the tooth with the tooth as the starting point. This is a significant benefit in bleaching which one must not ignore as well.
The fundamentals of minimal and step by step tooth preparation are highlighted in mind.
Your dentist will place the veneer on the tooth to examine its fit and color, repeatedly removing and trimming the veneer to achieve the proper fitUntil it is permanently cemented to the tooth. The veneer color can be adjusted with the shape of cement to be used. Next, to prepare your tooth to receive the veneer, your tooth will be cleaned, polished and etched. Etching roughens the tooth to allow for the strong bonding process. A special cement is applied to the veneer, and it is then placed on your tooth. Once the veneer is properly positioned, your dentist will shine a special light beam on it to activate chemicals in the cement, causing it to harden very quickly. The final step includes removing any excess cement, checking your bite and making any needed adjustments. Your dentist may ask you to return for a follow-up visit in a couple of weeks to check your gums and veneer’s placement.
If little or no Enamel is present, the full crown should be considered.
Certain tooth-to-tooth habits like bruxing and clenching or other parafunctional habits such as pencil chewing or ice crushing.
Teeth that exhibit severe crowding.
Types of Veneers
Based on the extent of tooth involved:
- Partial Veneers
- Full Veneers
- For the restoration of localised defects or areas of intrinsic discoloration, partial veneers are indicated.
- For the restoration of generalised defects or areas of intrinsic staining affecting
- much of the tooth ‘s facial surface, complete veneers are indicated.
Based on The Type of Material Employed
Directly applied composite veneer.
Processed composite veneer.
Porcelain or pressed ceramic veneer.
Based on Mode of Fabrication
- Direct partial
- Direct Full
- No prep veneer
- Etched porcelain veneer
- Pressed ceramic veneer
It is most commonly in the second decade of life.
Commonly affected teeth are deciduous first and second molar following by anterior teeth.
Characteristic solid sound in contrast to the dull, cushioned sound of a normal tooth on percussion.
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Pros of Dental Veneers
Easily Whiten Your Smile
Years of drinking cigarettes or eating highly pigmented foods will inevitably take their toll on your teeth.
Turning them into an unattractive yellow or brown hue.
Stained Enamel can be bleached by your dentist or at home, but it may also be stained again.
Dental veneers can be perfect for you if you’re looking for a simpler way to whiten your smile.
Fixed Minor Cosmetic Problems
Veneers can fix chips, cracks gaps between the teeth, discolouration they help correct many cosmetic dental issues.
Veneers are attached to the front surface of your teeth. So while they don’t change the position of your teeth, they do minor camouflage problems once they are applied.
Replace Damaged Enamel
Solid but not indestructible, Enamel is. It is also possible to wear the Enamel from overzealous tooth brushing or to consume extremely acidic foods and beverages.
Your Enamel may also be damaged by stomach acid associated with acid reflux disease.
Damaged Enamel can become a cause of concern because lost Enamel doesn’t grow back. Fortunately, you can replace it. Veneers are an excellent treatment for teeth with enamel abrasion or enamel erosion, and they look great too.
Cons of Dental Veneers
The price of veneers will vary based on your location. Other variants include your dentist and number of teeth you want restoring. But one thing is true; they are often expensive. The average cost of veneers is around $1300, and because veneers are cosmetic, they usually aren’t covered by insurance but check with your insurance plan to confirm.
Some people experience an increase in tooth sensitivity after getting veneers. According to the Academy of Cosmetic Dentistry, you may feel sensitivity to hot and cold temperature for the first few days after your procedure, but it usually goes away.
Veneers don’t change color once they are made. While the rest of your teeth will naturally change over time, the veneer will not, which may lead to awkward differences in your smile.
Above mentioned ideas tells you about the pros and cons of dental veneers their preparation, bonding, indications, types and many more.