Oil these days is considered to be the blood of modern civilization. There are many ways to utilize oil energy and technologies that have been built around what is considered important. It can now also become helpful in thriving and to be a developed world where lifestyles are better and safer than before. This oil energy can now be used as a fuel for common vehicles and in producing electricity. This whole process to generate electricity can be done by burning oil to run turbines by using steam.
How to Use Oil Energy?
On the other hand, it is said that oil energy can be used in crude form for many industrial purposes, including fertilizers, plastics, medicines, and also petroleum products. Oil energy is a non-renewable source of energy formed when pressure and heat compress the remains of plants, animals, and aquatic life a few million years ago. Oil energy is then drilled from underground wallets of oil.
Oil Can be Used as Lubricants
Thus after the separation of oil from the earth, it is then sent to oil refineries through the use of oil tankers. In this way, we can transform the oil into various forms such as ethane, diesel, fuel oil, kerosene, and liquefied petroleum gas. This oil can also be used as lubricants such as antiknock additives, turbine fuels, and motor oils. Petrol is also considered beneficial as it increases the efficiency of the engine.
Pros of Oil
Oil can then have a positive impact on the world. In this article, we are going to take a look at both the pros and cons of oil, and later this concept strongly influences the lives of many people.
Foundation of Renewable Energy
Solar and wind products are said to be created and present because of the process in the technology field. Although there is an investment of fossil fuel into these already existing energy sources, wind and solar reduce the overall consumption effect on emissions because that fuel is not being constantly burnt to generate energy.
It is said that these days most renewable sources of energy created by oil become carbon neutral in 5 or fewer years.
A Cheap Source of Energy
As there is more innovation in this behind the technology, therefore we can produce cheap energy through the consumption of oil. Our infrastructures are based on this technology as well, which means that we need to create and transport oil over distances to provide modern energy needs to extremely rural and isolated areas. This also means that now almost everyone can benefit from this technology.
Offers High-Density Energy
No doubt that we consume about millions of barrels of oil daily, so it remains the most excellent high energy density source. In other words, you can say a small amount of oil can produce a large amount of energy. Now you can understand that this is the fuel behind our industrial sectors and also transportation needs.
Reliability for oil energy is achieved through consumption and availability. When the oil is processed, refined, and then used, there are chances of predictable outcomes. We know what oil can do, and it brings us results more consistently. Its availability has been predictable for the last century and also for the existing natural reserves. Prices are variable because there are artificial limitations on demand and supply.
Easy to Produce and Refine
As compared with other sources of energy, producing oil should not be a reason for concern. The main reason behind this is manufacturing oil energy is so much easier. Producing oil needs to follow strict compliance to maintain the standard. This can also be done using a systematic manner to incur less amount of time from the discovery of oil sources to the process of refining.
Read More: Pros and Cons of Free Trade
Cons of Oil
It’s time to have a look at the cons of oil. Here we have a few:
There are different fields of oil to harvest. Shale and tar sands can also provide oil. As it is a fossil fuel, so also regarded as a finite resource of energy. No doubt that more than one century is involved in the development of this technology and the infrastructure of oil. In this way, we need to explore more alternatives so that our current society can be maintained.
There are numerous incidents of oil pollution. Moreover, according to a report by Business Insider, more than 9 million gallons of crude oil have been wasted from transportation pipelines in the United States. It is said that there have been more than 1300 crude oil spills in the US. This means that oil leaks occur almost every day.
So, when oil hits the environment, it will pollute the crop islands, water resources, and also the environment in many ways. This also means that oil energy creates when it is consumed.
Despite the facts, oil energy can economically complete its job, and it is simply said, not a renewable source of energy. Then there will be a time that it will run out of supply if people around you fail to utilize it wisely.
Emission of Harmful Chemicals
Oil refineries also emit harmful substances such as sulfur dioxide which causes health hazards for many people located around these areas. One very obvious effect is the happening of acid rain. Although modern equipment can reduce the impact of such emissions, then the result is still said to be dangerous for people.
Cause Health Hazards
The use of oil energy can increase the productivity of every nation; it leaves hazardous gases such as carbon dioxide and methane. These gases will trap heat and pollute air giving rise to problems such as global warming.
You can say that the number of oil energy jobs has increased in number, but they are not necessarily safe job opportunities.
These detailed pros and cons of oil show that it has been a powerful technology for the past few years. Now a strong need is to explore alternatives to this energy resource. We can maintain life on the planet by reducing the negative effects of oil. Let’s keep it viable for the future generation.