Have you ever think of moving to the USA and not familiar with the pros and cons of immigration? In this article, we are going to elaborate on the advantages and disadvantages of immigration to the United States.
First of all, do you know what immigration is? Immigration is the intentional movement of an individual to a designed country of which don’t own citizenship.
While there can be many reasons possible for immigration, some people just wish to become a foreign worker. On the other hand, few people envy to reside permanently there to be a naturalized citizen. Many countries get a positive migration rate each year, and the United States of America is one of them.
Stats Related to Gallup Surve
However, Gallup surveyed immigration and noticed that about 640 million people move to a different country each year. The United States was the top destination place in the survey, and almost 23 % of people migrate to the USA.
Pros and Cons of Immigration to the USA
Here we are going to list down the most cited pros and cons of immigration to the USA.
Immigration to the USA contributes towards unemployment, education opportunities, and removes cultural diversity.
- Encourages economic recovery
- Increases the population base
- Creation of global market
- Lessen several crimes
- Promotes entrepreneurism
- Raises the level of GDP
- Encourages economic recovery
- Most families too benefit from immigration in-country
- Fairer level of population distribution
Increases the Population Base
In the United States, about 800, 000 become naturalized citizens. To achieve this goal, first, they need to be legalized immigrants. However, the presence of immigrants brings the exchange of cultures. It brings more opportunities for sharing knowledge and wisdom. So, simply by increasing cultural awareness of everyone, more moments of common ground can be found.
Creation of Global Market
Immigrants create more opportunities for more robust local economies. They also help to contribute to a strong economy. On the other hand, remittances are common in nations that involve immigrants.
Immigrants who got opportunities to pursue advanced education or high skill employment can take these skills back to their home country to improve the status of their country as well.
The Lower Level of Crimes
Although immigrants, especially illegal ones, are often promoted as a precursor for an increased rate of local crimes and also the opposite occurs in some cases. Thus a survey in Texas was conducted within the state department of justice which states that illegal immigrants were usually under-represented in prison populations.
Although illegal immigrants constitute about 6 per cent of the state population, they are just 4.6 per cent of the inmates housed in state-level prisons. Therefore, immigrants are 69 per cent less likely to be imprisoned as compared to native citizens.
Most of the immigrants are natural entrepreneurs. They are highly educated, skilled, extensively trained, and innovative when establishing a new idea.
Likewise, immigrants are also highly productive, making it possible to produce new ideas in the market, bring creative or making the already existing business more flexible. Their presence makes it easier to work for other businesses to invest more employees.
Read More: What is the Pay-to-Stay Scheme in the USA?
Most Families Too Benefit from Immigration in the Country
It is not about one group of people trying to take jobs from another. Immigration is simply a process of a family trying to provide them and to contribute towards the local community. Most of the immigrants want to contribute; that’s why it is virtually beneficial to everyone.
It has been observed that when immigration occurs at national levels, it brings only a small change in GDP. The productivity of GDP can boost up to 0.4 per cent each year. GDP impacts on the economy to about $18 million. That means immigration provides a total annual value of $72 billion to the economy.
Encourages Economy Recovery
Immigrants are more likely to move to new locations just to pursue or avail job opportunities. That also means a place that is struggling economically can begin to experience recovery with the fastest speeds as more immigrants approach to work.
Even when the professions were high tech jobs, it was immigrants who kept the labour market moving forward because of their expertise.
Cons of Immigration to the USA
Till now, we have discussed only the pros of immigration. Let’s now have a look at the most common disadvantages of immigrating to the USA.
- Increases the transmission of diseases
- Creates stressors on educational and health resources
- Reduces the chance of nation to develop
- Becomes easier to exploit immigrants
- Create integration problems
- Results in violation of human rights
- Split up families
- Place stress on local social services
Increases Transmission of Diseases
Many diseases are transferred to new regions because of the immigration processes. The spread of smallpox on the local tribal populations of North America is most documented.
Many diseases are causing agents to enter through borders and leave negative impacts on the local population. So, when population levels become imbalanced, then it creates access to resources at local levels.
Reduces the Chance of Nation to Develop
When a developing country sees its best and brightest immigrant to the developed world, they lose an opportunity to grow. The talents which people bring to nations which are poor help it to become stronger.
Immigrants give strength to those countries which may not need it. In this way, immigrants do get the chance to plan a better life for themselves. Although it comes at the expense of their native country.
Results in Violation of Human Rights
Immigration or the wish to become a migrant can surely put some individuals into a state of desperation. If it becomes difficult for some individuals to migrate, the development of people trafficking may create new opportunities.
Therefore, such movements can even facilitate organized activities of crime in extreme situations.
As a result, these pros and cons of immigration show that diversity can be a good thing. If immigration occurs legally, then local communities may experience positive impacts that develop with time. These are certainly some challenges that need to be looked after if immigration occurs legally.
If you are moving to the USA or planning to go there, they must have a look at these listed pros and cons. The United States of America also offers students scholarships all over the world.