Human cloning is the closest comparison that we have to this scientific concept at this time in the form of identical twins.
Risks Associated With Artificial Cloning:
Processes of artificial cloning yet have not been developed, and they will never be brought to light because of the moral and ethical concerns involved with technology that allows the genetically identical copy of an existing individual. Even if there are naturally duplicated choices that share nearly identical genetic profiles, they are not exact duplicates.
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Each person has different experiences, thoughts, and perspectives usually combine to create a unique individual. People who share a similar environment with similar DNA can turn out to be completely different individuals.
Pros of Human Cloning:
While looking at the major pros and cons of human cloning, it is important that we need to evolve the scientific processes involved in this artificial task. On the other hand, the ethical and moral concerns exist when creating an identical genome. Some crucial points need to be kept in mind.
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Lead to Medical Advancements:
Processes of human cloning help to create new advancements in medical science. By creating duplicate individual, it becomes possible to share the genetic material which would help to cure or prevent diseases which would negatively impact other people lives. It would open a new line of research.
Recover Faster from Devastating Injuries:
Interventional orthopaedics is a non-surgical process in which the patient uses their cells to repair the damage that occurred during a traumatic injury. Sprains or strains to a ligament that typically heal within 4 to 6 weeks, but when a tear occurs the primary treatment of option is to apply a tissue graft simply to impetus the process of healing.
Eliminate Defective Genes and Chromosomes:
The statistics on genetic diseases are present in today’s world. In the United States, about 1 per cent of the total populations will develop specific disorders with a genetic foundation during their life at some fixed point.
While on the other hand, Approximately 1 in 100,000 people in the U.S has Syndrome A at present with about 100,000 children worldwide dealing with syndrome B. The current leading cause of newborn death is due to the side effects of the birth.
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All these issues can be easily reduced if we consider the benefits that human cloning provides.
Create More Stem Cells:
Stem cells help to build, maintain, and repair the body throughout the lives of individuals. These are processes that our stem cells perform naturally. It also allows them to be manipulated by doctors to repair or damage to the organs and the tissues.
When these cells got transferred from one person to another, then they are taken as foreign bodies by the recipient.
It also triggers the response of the immune system. So, human cloning is a way to create genetically identical cells that help to create better health outcomes for people, especially in cases if they suffer from a rare genetic disease.
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Adapt the Population to Bring Planetary Changes:
The process of cloning allows individuals or mankind to bring planetary changes looking up at the population. Future generations would be able to adapt to a warming world and thanks to the adaptations of our genetic shift.
Moreover, human cloning further helps out to save the lives of people which would be normally lost during the process of natural selection. In this way, we will also be able to take the genetic profile of those who are resistant to any change, duplicate it, and then basically spread to all the population around.
Remove Viral Epidemics:
The main goal of treating a virus such as HIV and AIDS is to suppress the mechanisms involved that are harmful to human health. However, human cloning helps to generate natural resistance to such diseases and disorders.
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As long as disease exists on our planet, select few people who have developed natural resistance to specific illnesses. So, human cloning allows us to take benefit of natural immunities to create new vaccines and help children to fight against serious illness.
Cons of Human Cloning:
These are some of the most cited cons of human cloning:
Leads to Exploitation:
The Centre for Bioethics and Human Dignity suggests that it is one of the most important cons of human cloning that leads to the exploitation of women. Scientists need to produce enough cloned embryos to generate the number of viable stem cells.
Women need to be injected with medication which helps them to ovulate rapidly and then undergo invasive procedures to extract out the eggs. About 5 per cent of patients suffer from hyperstimulation which leads them to ongoing abdominal pain and even infertility in some cases.
Change How We Perceive Individuality:
Human cloning generates individuals having the same genetic profile. Each person carries their brains and bodies, which means that they would be like any other family member within a genetic profile.
No doubt each person will be developed uniquely based on their conditions, but still, some issues exist with individuality because of the physical similarities. Those people who are not involved in the process of cloning tend to treat those who occur differently within society.
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It creates a new social class reserved for those who are genetic duplicates of a human.
Available to Wealthy Initially:
Human cloning helps everyone at some level. The first procedure will be available to those who have enough money to take advantage of potential benefits.
There is a general rule in mankind those who have the power they will do whatever it takes to maintain it. Even if the technologies become available to everyone, those who got access first will get benefits.
Cause People to Age Faster:
As the stem cells begin to age, the information obtained gets imprinted within their physical structure. While when a person grows up, they create genetic information that their genome maintains. Although we know that cloning is possible; what is difficult to understand is how this information is stored in our DNA.
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These pros and cons of human cloning need to review as the field of science is progressing day by day. In the future, it becomes a process that will be easily available in our lives.