Natural gas is a type of fuel that develops naturally in the environment. This fossil fuel is a mixture of different hydrocarbons, most of which are methane along with traces of nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and other gases.
However, natural gas is usually processed before we supply it to consumers for removing water and other impurities. This process gives several by-products, including ethane, butane, propane, helium, and carbon dioxide.
Natural Gas Is Used Worldwide:
Natural gas is also used in manufacturing plastics as well as chemicals that are useful for many industries. Most people point out natural gas as a rapid means towards the development of the modern world.
There also exist some people who claim that natural gas leads to the destruction of the environment. One big pro of natural gas is that it contributes about 21 per cent of the world’s energy production. Although natural gas is a significant energy source, there are many pros and cons of natural gas also.
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To decide how beneficial natural gas is for us, we should consider the pros and cons of natural gas.
Let’s have a look at the pros of natural gas.
- Cleaner and safer than other types of fuels
- Worldwide usage
- Easier to produce and deliver
- Creates multiple job opportunities
- -Reliable than other fossil fuels
- Not dependent on conditions of weather
- Waste products are less harmful
- Can be accessed all over the world
- Used for production of fertilizers
- Efficient and cheaper as compared to other fossil fuels
Cleaner and Safer than Different Types of Fuels:
Natural gas is more cleaner and environment friendly as compared to other fossil fuels in the world. It produces about 45 per cent less carbon dioxide than coal and about 30 per cent less than oil.
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On the other hand, natural gas produces only fewer pollutants as compared to other fossil fuels and is considered to be cleaner than diesel and gasoline.
As it is cheaper and therefore it is widely used in residential, commercial, and industrial settings. It is used to cook food both in restaurants and in homes and provide heat in houses, offices, apartments, and shops.
Furthermore, it is also used in manufacturing various types of chemicals and different kinds of plastics. Moreover, this fossil fuel is used to power vehicles that run on natural gas.
More Comfortable with Producing and Delivering:
The technology used for the extraction and purification of natural gas is already in use for several purposes. Hence because of this, it is easy to obtain natural gas from the ground and making it stable for use.
Delivering it to customers is safe because some vehicles are specially designed to transport natural gas that is built to store gas.
Creates Multiple Job Opportunities:
Natural gas can’t extract and purify itself, which means thousands of people are required to obtain natural gas from the ground, remove its impurities.
That’s why researchers and scientists are also needed to improve the purification, extraction, and transportation processes to make it safer for human use and effectiveness. Because of this, many people are allowed to earn a living by working on natural gas.
Reliable than Other Fossil Fuels:
Apart from its maturity and overall acceptance in many industries, natural gas can also be seen as a reliable source of energy than other fossil fuels. There had been not that problem in the supply chain related to natural gas over time and no need to believe that this may change shortly.
An Abundant Source of Energy:
Though natural gas is a finite resource, there is still plenty of gas available which may last in the coming few years or centuries. Therefore, natural gas would continue to be an abundant source of energy unless another fossil fuel replaces it.
Used for Production of Fertilizers:
Natural gas is prominent for energy production or heating purposes. Therefore, components obtained from natural gas can also be used for the production of fertilizers. It is also beneficial for agricultural purposes.
Efficient and Cheaper than Other Fossil Fuels:
The use of natural gas is considered efficient as compared to other alternative sources of energy. Though natural gas has many problems, still it will play a significant role for many years as an efficient and cheaper source of energy.
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Cons of Natural Gas:
Now move towards the disadvantages of natural gas.
- Produces a large amount of carbon dioxide
- Consists of methane
- Nonrenewable source of energy
- Can cause serious accidents
- Leads to severe health problems
- Causes air pollution
- Fracking leads to earthquakes
- Depend on other countries
Produces a Large Amount of Carbon Dioxide:
Natural gas produces less quantity of carbon dioxide than petroleum and coal. Experts predict that by the year 2030, natural gas would be the source of 11 billion tons of carbon dioxide each year.
Nonrenewable Source of Energy:
Natural gas has abundant supply; therefore, it can easily found in all parts of the world. So, time will come when we will have sufficient natural gas to meet everyone’s needs.
Can Cause Serious Accidents:
As natural gas is tasteless and odourless, so we can’t detect its presence. When it collects in large quantities, it causes an explosion that can destroy homes or lives of people in a few seconds.
Causes Health Problems:
Natural gas can cause carbon monoxide poisoning when humans inhale. To prevent yourself from carbon monoxide poisoning, it is essential to install carbon monoxide alarms that can detect the presence of this harmful gas in the room.
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Depend on Other Countries:
Countries that don’t have a sufficient amount of natural gas depend on other countries to get a supply of it. But by using alternative sources of energy, countries could lower their chance of dependence on other countries and can also increase their political freedom.
Formation of Acid Rain:
The emission of harmful gases leads to the formation of acid rain. Its discharge brings severe environmental problems.
Hence, natural gas is a huge power of energy as it helps in products and services that are important for raising standards of people. But still, it is essential to note that it is not a perfect energy source, and it has serious cons that need to be addressed.
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So, the final decision should be made, keeping in mind both the pros and cons of natural gas.