As we think about archaeology, both the study and the practice evoke visions of distant times and the more immediate subject of recorded history. Geology, paleontology, and history are all related to the concept of the past and what has passed.
Many individuals want to know more about the past, keen to understand why and how it happened, and ponder.
The study of archaeology satisfies the fundamental human need to know where we come from and, maybe, comprehend our human nature. Many people even argue that studying archaeology enables cultural self-reflection, which will give a more solid basis for our collective future.
If you are intrigued about ancient civilization, artifacts, cave paintings, building ruins, and ceramics and crave to get a glance into antiquity, then archeology is indeed the route for you.
What is Archeology?
Archaeology, at its core, is the study of human civilization and its history.
Archaeologists study objects that were created, utilized or altered by people.
They accomplish this by examining the material remnants – the things humans leave behind, such as lithic tools, a traditional hut dwelling, a skeleton encrusted in gold jewelry, or a magnificently rising pyramid from the desert floor.
Archaeologists sometimes investigate modern communities to give insights into civilizations that flourished in the past.
Archaeologists collaborate with individuals from a wide range of different disciplines to answer questions about who we are and where we originated from all across the world.
Archaeologists discover evidence that hints at what our future will hold.
Who are Archaeologists?
Archaeologists are scientists that study the remnants of ancient civilizations and groups of people.
They study the artifacts that humans left behind thousands of years ago, such as their dwellings, clothes, tools, bones, utensils, and so on.
Archaeologists collect numerous sorts of human history evidence from various locations and observe and analyze the results.
To become an archaeologist, you must have a thorough understanding of history and geography.
An archaeologist’s responsibilities include conducting surveys at numerous sites using various methodologies and devices, including manipulating data with sketching, notes, and photos.
A degree in Archaeology is the best method to work at historical sites, restore monuments, and learn about the country’s past.
An archaeologist is someone who investigates ancient remnants and culture.
Archaeology is an interdisciplinary endeavor that involves the study of material created by earlier human civilization.
The main goal of the course is to investigate previous human societies by surveying, knowing, and excavating historical sites.
Archaeology is a fantastic choice since it leads to a wide range of job options in India and abroad.
Specializations in Archaeology:
- Environmental Archaeology
- Battlefield Archaeology
- Experimental Archaeology
- Urban Archaeology
- Marine Archaeology
Study Archeology in India
Archaeology is the study of the foundations of human civilization through the examination of objects left behind by ancient civilizations.
Most folks envision archaeologists excavating up some dirt with tools in their hands, but archaeology is much more than that.
It has multiple branches that we will highlight in this article.
Before studying archaeology as a career in India, it is essential to grasp these fields.
This field is concerned with the discovery and analysis of antique artifacts, such as objects used in daily life by people from various civilizations, such as household utensils, jewelry, artistic or medical equipment, and so forth.
Some notable instances of maritime archaeology are the discovery of the lost city of Thonis-Heracleion and the finding of wrecked ships such as the Titanic.
It seeks to elucidate early people’s interactions with aquatic bodies.
It is concerned with comprehending the plans and maps of historical cities to identify their significance and forecast what artifacts discovered while excavating such areas.
This branch has helped us comprehend the remarkable planning and structural aspects of ancient cities like Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa.
This discipline of archaeology is concerned with locating and evaluating inscriptions on papers, relics, or stones to derive inferences about the writers, cultures, and historical significance of the inscriptions.
It is concerned with the organization, preservation, and restoration of museums, and also museum curacy.
This branch of archaeology focuses on bringing meaning to our life by displaying and preserving historical artifacts.
It is the path via which society comprehends its past.
How to become an Archaeologist?
It is best to study Humanities in Classes 11 and 12 if you want to pursue archaeology as a career.
History, Anthropology, and Sociology, among other subjects, provide a solid foundation for a career in archaeology.
To qualify and work as an archaeologist, you must have a bachelor’s degree in archaeology, anthropology, geology, history, and a master’s degree in archaeology and historical studies.
A Ph.D. opens doors to more opportunities and higher pay.
It offers doors to opportunities in research, academia, and higher-level posts with the Archaeological Survey of India.
Students who haven’t had humanities as a subject but wish to study archaeology can choose humanities as a major.
It is advisable to verify the eligibility and curriculum of institutions, as each institution has definite standards.
Archaeologists have a strong interest in their history and lineage, and a desire to learn more.
Aside from that, an archaeologist should have an alert mind, a flair for study, attention to detail, and the ability to be patient and tough.
Skills Required to Become an Archaeologist
- Enthusiasm and eagerness to learn about the developments in archaeology
- possibly the best approach, with excellent attention to detail excellent teamwork abilities, particularly during fieldwork
- self-motivation and attention, as well as enhanced communication skills and the ability to effectively collaborate with other professions
- mastery of numerous tools and instruments
- having patience and devotion, as well as having solid IT abilities
- an intelligent and peaceful mind with a deep interest in archaeology
Courses & Eligibility
There are many courses offered in this discipline, including diplomas, bachelor’s, master’s, and doctorate degrees.
Candidates must have passed the 10+2 standard from any stream in order to pursue bachelor’s programs.
Students pursuing master’s degrees must have a bachelor’s degree in a relevant discipline such as archeology, Indian history and culture, anthropology, and so on.
Students seeking a postgraduate certificate should have a master’s degree in Ancient/Medieval Indian History or Archaeology.
- Bachelor of Arts in Indian History Culture and Archaeology
- Bachelor of Arts in Archaeology and Museology
- Diploma in Indian Archaeology
- MA in Archaeology
- MA in Ancient Indian History and Archaeology
- Master of Science in Archaeology
- Master of Philosophy in Ancient Indian History, Culture, and Archaeology
- Post-Graduate Diploma in Archaeology
- Doctor of Philosophy in Ancient Indian History, Culture, and Archaeology
Archaeology Eligibility Criteria
Diploma, Certificate, and Degree Programmes:
To be admitted to such courses, students must have passed 10+2 examinations from a recognized board.
Candidates from the arts, commerce, and scientific programs are eligible to apply.
Admission to certificate and diploma programs is handled directly via the institutes that provide these programs.
Admission to B.A. in Archaeology programs offered by premier institutions, on the other hand, is based on merit in the class 12 board examinations.
Postgraduate Degree and Postgraduate Diploma Courses:
Students who have finished B.A. courses and passed with at least 50% marks are eligible to apply for M.A. in Archaeology.
Interviews are used to determine admission to M.A. programs.
For art studies, several institutions accept students based on state-level admission examinations or other similar tests.
Candidates can enroll for PG diploma courses after obtaining a UG diploma or after studying a B.A. in Archaeology.
- Ancient History
- Classic Antiquity
- Middle to Late Bronze Age
- Before Christ
- Greek and Roman Civilizations
- Early ancient History
- Timeline of Ancient History
- Late Ancient History
- History and Post-classical History
- Early Iron Age
- Chemical Preservation of Monuments and Antiquities
- Epigraphy and Numismatics
- Application of Science in Archaeology
- Principles and Methods of Archaeology
- Structural Conservation of Ancient Monuments
Archaeology Institutes that offer Archaeology Courses
To work as an archaeologist in India, you must have a bachelor’s and master’s degree in archaeology. To work as an academician in a university or college, you must have a Ph.D.
Here are a few institutions that offer bachelor’s degrees in archaeology:
- Mahatma Gandhi University, Kottayam
- Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
- Barkathullah Vishwa Vidyalaya, Bhopal
- Maharaj Sayajirao University of Baroda
Here are a few prominent institutes that offer master’s degrees in archaeology:
- The Delhi Institute of Heritage Research and Management, New Delhi
- University of Kerala, Thiruvanthapuram
- Bangalore University, Bangalore
- Institute of Archaeology, New Delhi
Most universities offer courses ranging from archaeology and museology to ancient history and heritage management.
Scope in India
India has some of the best-planned ancient cities and historical sites worldwide, thanks to great dynasties like the Mughals, the Mauryas, the Sultans, and others.
The Archaeological Survey of India is in charge of all archaeological efforts in India and is in the custody of shielding and restoring these ancient sites.
The ASI operates in several divisions, including Excavation, Prehistory, Underwater Archaeology, Museums, Temple Survey, and others, and employs many educated archaeologists, epigraphists, conservators, and scientists.
Other institutions that hire archaeologists include the Indian Council of Historical Research, the National Museum, private and public museums, and universities.
Career prospects as an Archaeologist
Archaeology has long intrigued our attention.
Understanding our heritage, where we originated from, and how the globe has changed over hundreds of years appeals to practically everyone.
Here are a few examples:
Postgraduate Archaeologists can seek lectureships at a variety of institutions and schools.
To do so, you must take the UGC-Net examination in the relevant subject. Lecturers are paid between INR 15,600 to 39,100 per month.
Bypassing the UGC-JRF test, one may also apply for Junior Research Fellow positions. The monthly salary for JRF is INR 25,000.
Deputy Superintendent Archaeologist –
Students holding a Master’s degree in Archaeology/Indian History/Anthropology/Geology/Language can serve as Deputy Superintendent Archaeologists with the Archeological Survey of India.
ASI seeks students having a master’s degree in archaeology.
To be considered for this position, candidates must pass an exam administered by the UPSC.
The salary range for these positions is INR 15,600-39,100.
Museum Preservation –
Archaeologists can work in both private and public museums to preserve and secure historical museum objects.
The salary ranges from INR 20,000 to INR 40,000, based on experience and competence.
Site Excavation and Preservation –
Archaeologists can also participate in national and international programs that take them to archaeologically significant sites.
Domestic and international organizations sponsor these programs for the preservation, discovery, and decryption of ancient objects and writings.
Archaeologist Salaries in India
Because there is a high demand for archeologists worldwide and a supply that is far lower than the market, these specialists can negotiate outstanding compensation packages with their employers.
For starters, a fresher might earn a monthly pay of 20,000 to 30,000.
At the same time, competent and experienced professionals may expect to earn salaries ranging from 5 lakhs to 9 lakhs per annum.
The archaeological study is the most effective way to learn about the history and prior cultures.
The field is presently spreading and planting roots in various corporate organizations.
As a result of this tendency, archeology is both a lucrative and demanding professional option.
Young people with an analytical bent of mind, who are creative and rational in their thinking, who have a flair for mini details, and who like the arts, have a good chance of in this discipline.