Many animals these days are suffering as a result of testing in a wide range of areas, including biological research, testing chemicals, medicines, and even cosmetics. But it is also true that these studies have contributed a lot to medical breakthroughs and help us live a healthier life.
Do you know what animal testing is? Here in this article, I am going to discuss what is animal testing and what are the pros and cons of animal testing.
What Is Animal Testing?
Animal testing is a process in which living animal goes through a testing process which causes them pain, suffering, or last harm for research. So, scientists perform animal testing to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the medication, cosmetics, or understanding how an average human body works or to find out the cure of diseases.
Well, that’s a broader debate about why scientists use animals in testing, as they are not similar to humans. But this is true that there are some biological as well as psychological similarities between humans and animals.
Pros of Animal Testing
It is no news that animal testing has played a vital role to advance scientific research and also promote healthier lives. First, we will enlist some of the most cited pros of animal research or experimentation.
- Contribution to outrageous scientific findings
- Helps to save people lives
- Best stimulate towards human physiology
- Testing results are also helpful for animals as well
- Scientists can examine complete lifecycle quickly
- Also generates new treatments and bring betterment in society
- Animals have a proper cell structure
- Your dog can serve to treat cancer in the future
Let’s now discuss all these pros one by one.
Contribution to Outrageous Scientific Findings
Extraordinary achievements have been committed in the field of physiology and medicine in the last 100 years using animal testing. Many experiments have been performed on animals that led to the cure of many diseases.
Insulin was discovered to save the lives of people with diabetes by the removal of the dog’s pancreas. Also, the polio vaccine has reduced the rapid global occurrence of disease.
Animal testing has also contributed to bringing advancements in understanding and treating various conditions such as breast cancer, brain injury, malaria, cystic fibrosis, tuberculosis, cardiovascular diseases, and many more.
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Helps to save People Lives
Many living pieces serve as evidence of how animal testing has proved beneficial in finding out the cure for different diseases. This is the reason why animal testing is considered essential for improving human health.
So, animal research is helpful for aids, Alzheimer’s, cancer, and motor neuron syndrome.
Best Stimulate Towards Human’s Physiology
It is a fact that animals are much similar to human physiology and also have many same vital functions. Animals can be an ideal model to experiment and check the vulnerability of serious diseases.
However, with related organs, circulatory systems, and reactions towards illness, so researchers can look at how animals respond, and they can predict easily how a human will respond. If one of us assumes that human life is more valuable than animal life, then performing testing on animals makes sense.
Best Stimulate Towards Human’s Physiology
Many people say that animal testing is a cruel process and scientists harm animals just for themselves. But this is not entirely true as animal testing is helpful for both humans as well as animals.
Many animals suffer from testing methods and die to save the lives of a million people. Millions of animals would have been killed from rabies distemper, rabies, infectious hepatitis virus, and also from many other deadly diseases if vaccines were not tested on animals.
Animals Own Proper Cell Structure
Animals have a complete arrangement of cells that talk to each other, but they cannot be found in any computer model. At the same time, scientists can easily watch out the visible, microscopic, and biochemical changes that take place within mice that would be almost impossible to catch in a living normal human being.
Cons of Animal Testing
Animal testing can be cruel for animals, and sometimes animals may die during the research process. Here are some cons of animal testing.
- Some tested items are not brought in use by humans
- Animals face suffering and pain during the testing procedure
- All experiments generating positive results for animals do not apply to humans
- Animals and humans are not precisely the same
- Many of animal’s lives are wasted during animal experimentation
- Animal testing often used for non-life saving products
Some Tested Items Are Not Brought in Use by Humans
Animals suffer from harsh procedures to benefit society, but humans will never use some things. Many people will not even know about that product was being developed. It means that animals will be sacrificing their lives to determine the safety of the product.
Animals Face Suffering and Pain During the Testing Procedure
There are certain kinds of research in which animals go through bad treatment, or you can call it torture. In 2010, a study conducted by the U.S department of agriculture stated that almost 100,000 animals suffered pain during testing without anaesthesia.
Animals and Humans Are Not Precisely the Same
Scientists say that animals and humans share the same DNA, but there is a minor difference that is highly considerable. The response of a drug in the animal body is entirely different from those in a human body.
Most of the people these days believe that animal research is unreliable in testing the effectiveness of various drugs in animals. Animals don’t experience stress as humans do.
Therefore, this is true that they will not respond the same to drugs as humans do. This argument also weakness the authenticity of animal testing.
Many Animals Are Wasted During the Testing Procedure
Animals that are used in biomedical research are killed during or after experiments, and many suffer during the testing procedure. This is a routine that the lives of animals are being sacrificed for poor analysis.
These days some non-life saving products such as shampoo, pesticides, cosmetics, and chemicals are tested on animals that can’t be used safely for humans.
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These are the overall pros and cons of animal testing. Make sure that the lives of animals are not harmed during the testing process.